<p style=”text-align: justify;”> Jupiter is known as Gas Giant planet. Its atmosphere formed of mostly Helium gas and Hydrogen gas, just like Sun. Jupiter coated in thick red, brown, yellow and white clouds. The clouds make the planet look like its stripes.
20 Facts About Jupiter :
- Jupiter is fourth brightest object in Solar system.
- Only the Sun, Moon and Venus are brighter. It’s one among 5 planets visible to the eye from Earth.
- The ancient Babylonians were the 1st to record their sightings of Jupiter.
- This was around the 7th or 8th century BC. Jupiter known as after the king of the Roman gods. To the Greeks, it represented Zeus, the god of thunder.
- The Mesopotamians saw Jupiter as god Marduk and patron of the town of Babylon. Germanic tribes saw this planet as Donar or Thor.
- The shortest day of all the planets is Jupiter.
- Once every 9 hours and 55 minutes, it turns on its axis. The fast rotation flattens the earth slightly, giving it an oblate shape.
- Jupiter orbits the Sun once each 11.8 Earth years.
- From our point of view on Earth, it seems to maneuver slowly in sky, taking months to move from one constellation to others.
- Jupiter has unique cloud options.
- The upper atmosphere of Jupiter split into cloud belts and zones. They’re made primarily of ammonia crystals, mixtures of the 2 compounds and sulfur.
- The Great Red Spot is vast storm on Jupiter.
- It has raged for a minimum of 350 years. It’s so massive that 3 Earths might fit inside it.
- Jupiter’s interior formed of rock, metal, and Hydrogen compounds.
- Below Jupiter’s large atmosphere, there are layers of compressed liquid metallic hydrogen, Hydrogen gas, and a core of rock, ice and metals.
- Jupiter’s moon Ganymede is largest moon in solar system.
- Jupiter’s moons generally known as the Jovian satellites, the biggest of those are Ganymede, Calisto Io and Europa. Ganymede measures 5,262 kilometer across, making it larger than the planet Mercury.
- Jupiter has thin ring system.
- Its rings are composed mainly of dirt particles ejected from some of Jupiter’s smaller worlds throughout impacts from incoming asteroids and comets.
- The ring system begins some 92,000 kilometers on top of Jupiter’s cloud tops and stretches out to over 225,000 kilometer from the planet.
Eight Spacecraft have visited Jupiter. Pioneer 10 and 11, Voyager 1 and 2, Cassini, Galileo, Ulysses, and New Horizons missions. The Juno mission is its way to Jupiter and can arrive in July 2016. Different future missions might concentrate on the Jovian moons Europa, Ganymede, and Calisto, and their subsurface oceans.
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