A solar eclipse happens when the Moon passes ahead of the Sun and casts a shadow across Earth. It is also referred to as an occultation. The reason solar eclipses happen is that the gap between the Sun and the Earth is about 400 times the Moon‘s distance from the Sun and the Sun’s diameter is roughly 400 times larger than the Moon’s.
What this means is that the Sun and the Moon each have a really similar size when viewed from Earth. Therefore when the Moon passes ahead of the Sun, it blocks the light from reaching Earth.
8 Facts About Solar Eclipses :-
- The longest a total solar eclipse can last for is 7.5 minutes. However this is often usually a lot less (sometimes half the time).
- Total eclipses happen every 1 or 2 years. However there’s such a small window on the earth where these can be viewed it’s rare to see a complete eclipse. Partial solar eclipses happen 2 or 3 times a year.
- Total eclipses can only occur as a result of a strange coincidence that the Sun and the Moon both appear to be the same size in the sky. When viewed even though there are vastly totally different sizes. Which are situated many millions of miles away from one another.
- The dimension of the path of totality is approximately 167 miles wide. And partial solar eclipses will seen 3,000 miles from the track of totality.
- Total solar eclipses can not seen from the North or South Pole. You’ll only see partial solar eclipses from these locations.
- Temperatures can drop in 20 degrees Celsius nearing totality.
- A total solar eclipse isn’t noticeable until the Sun is covered 90% by the Moon. When the Moon covers the Sun by 99% the sky resembles twilight.
- Nearing or during totality, birds and animals can seen to behave strangely because of the sudden darkening within the sky. Some animals have even known to prepare for sleep!
Solar eclipses are rare events that happen when the Moon aligns itself between the earth. Also the Sun blocking the Sun’s light and casting a shadow over the earth.
When the eclipse begins and the shadow only shows slightly over the Sun. It’ll continue to move across the Sun at a speed of 2,250 kilometres an hour on a path called the line of totality. Throughout history, solar eclipses are view with dread and related to myths and superstitions. Even today, within the 21st century, some cultures consider them a bad omen. And its seen as a spooky time as birds stop singing, confused by the apparent sudden transition from day to night.