Bellur Narayanaswamy Srikrishna, (born 21 may 1941) is an Indian jurist and a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India. From 1993–98, he headed the well-known Commission of Inquiry, the “Srikrishna Commission” as it became known, which investigated causes and apportioned blame for the Mumbai Riots of 1992–93. he’s currently the chairman of the financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission (FSLRC).
B. N. Srikrishna’s Biography
Srikrishna, was Born in Bangalore, to the parents B. Narayana swamy, and Sharadamma. Narayana Swamy was an eminent lawyer of Mumbai high court.
Srikrishna was brought up in Mumbai (now Mumbai) and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in Science from the Elphinstone college of the University of metropolis, received an LL.B. from the Govt Law college, Mumbai, an LL.M. from the University of Bombay, and stood second in the University. Also, he holds an MA in Sanskrit from the University of Mysore, a diploma in Urdu and a postgraduate diploma in Indian Aesthetics from the University of Bombay. He knows ten languages including his mother tongue Kannada.
Srikrishna, in 1967, entered private practice in the Bombay High Court, specialising in labour and industrial law and was counsel for a number of large corporations. Besides appearing in the High Court, he also argued cases in the Supreme Court of India, and was designated as a Senior Advocate in 1987.
He was appointed as an additional judge of the Bombay High Court in 1990 and as a permanent judge in 1991. In 1993, he assumed charge of the Commission of Inquiry into the riots that took place in Bombay in 1992–93.
The “Srikrishna Commission”, as it became known, submitted its report in 1998, and generated widespread interest in India and abroad. In September 2001, Justice Srikrishna was appointed as the Chief Justice of the Kerala High Court and on 3 October 2002, was appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India. On 21 May 2006, as per rules, on reaching the age of superannuation of sixty-five years, Justice Srikrishna retired from the Supreme Court of India.
The Serial Bomb Blasts
In 1992–93, the city of Mumbai was rocked by communal riots between the Hindu and Muslim communities after the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya by thousands of Hindu Karsevaks. While communal riots are not unusual in modern Indian history, these riots were particularly startling in light of Mumbai’s largely peaceful past. Above all the Bombay Riots appeared to compromise the much-vaunted image of the city as cosmopolitan, secular and tolerant.
Further, the riots perceived to solidify the image of shiv Sena chief Balasaheb Thackeray who scathingly criticised the judiciary. The 1993 blasts left 257 people dead, injured 1,400, and delivered a vast blow to Mumbai’s psyche. Although, the bombings were also metropolitan India’s 1st exposure to terror.
Accepted To Investigate The Case
B.N.Srikrishna, then a relatively junior judge of the Mumbai high court, accepted the task of investigating the causes of the riots, something that many of his colleagues had turned down. For 5 years, until 1998, he examined victims, witnesses and alleged perpetrators. Detractors came at first from left-secular quarters who were wary of a judge who was a devout and practising Hindu.
The Commission was disbanded by the Shiv Sena-led government in January 1996. An public opposition was later reconssions of Inquiry Act, an Inquiry isn’t a court of law (even if it conducts proceedings like a court of law) and the report of an inquiry isn’t binding on Governments, Srikrishna’s recommendations can’t be directly enforced.
THE SIXTH CENTRAL PAY COMMISSION
The Sixth central pay commission was established by Union cabinet of India on 5 October 2006. Justice Srikrishna to head 6th pay panel– Rediff.com Business the Commission, headed by Justice B.N.Srikrishna. However, the Other members of the commission were prof. Ravindra Dholakia, Mr. J.S.Mathur and Member-Secretary Ms Sushama Nath, IAS.
The Srikrishna Report on Madras high court Riots
Hence, Justice Srikrishna headed a one-man commission to inquire concerning the 19 February 2009 Madras high court incidents. Hence, he submitted an interim report on 4 March 2009 with his findings to the Supreme Court of India.
But, he is interested in refugee law and human rights problems. Besides being a member of the International Association of refugee Law Judges, has presented papers on the subject.
However, he was invited by the United Nations high commissioner for Refugees to Geneva for a seminar on New kinds of persecution in 2000. And on the Justiciability of Economic, Social and Cultural rights to New Delhi in 2001.
However, his study of Indian Philosophy & Jurisprudence, has also published a number of articles on the subject, including an article on “Conflict and Harmony: The Genesis of Legal and Social Systems”, that is published in the journal, History of Science and Philosophy of Science. However, he’s on the Editorial Board of the Journal of the Indian Law Institute.
Although, he is a Life Member of the National Institute of Personnel Management. He is also associated with the Western Region Committee of the Employers Federation of India, the industrial Relations research Association (USA), and the International Bar Association (UK).
Committee for separate Telangana
Srikrishna Committee on Telangana:
A five-member committee was constituted, with Justice Srikrishna as the chairman on 3 February 2010. Other members of the committee are:
• Vinod Duggal – former Union Home Secretary
• Ravindar Kaur – professor at IIT city
• Abusaleh Sharif – Ph.D. is a Senior research Fellow at the New Delhi office of International Food Policy research Institute
• Prof. (Dr.) Ranbir Singh – Vice-Chancellor, National Law University
Srikrishna Commission or Justice B.N. Srikrishna Commission of Inquiry was established by the government of Maharashtra under Justice Srikrishna for investigation the causes of the Mumbai Riots.
For 5 years till 1998, he examined victims, witnesses and alleged perpetrators. The Commission was disbanded by the knife Sena led government in January 1996 and on public opposition was later reconstituted on 28 may 1996. Though once it was reconstituted its terms of reference, extended to include the Mumbai bomb blasts that followed in March 1993.
The report of the commission stated that the tolerant and secular foundations of the city were holding even if a little shakily. Hence, Justice Srikrishna indicted those he alleged as largely responsible for the second phase of the bloodshed and to some extent the first, the shiv Sena. However, the shiv Sena government rejected its recommendations.
Since under the Commissions of Inquiry Act, an Inquiry isn’t a court of law (even if it conducts proceedings like a court of law). And the report of an inquiry isn’t binding on Governments, Srikrishna’s recommendations cannot be directly enforced. Hence, several indicted policemen were promoted by the government and indicted politicians continue to hold high political office even today.
On 10 July 2008, a Mumbai court sentenced former Shiv Sena MP Madhukar Sarpotdar and 2 other party activists to a year’s rigorous imprisonment in connection with the riots. however, he was immediately granted bail. He died on 20 February 2010 without serving his sentence.
Srikrishna is the connoisseur of Art,Culture, Drama, and classical music, in general, and Carnatic music particularly. However, he tries to search out time to pursue what he says is his “real passion” — Indian classical music and culture. Justice Srikrishna’S wife is Dr. Purnima srikrishna. She obtained her Ph.D. from Mumbai University. And has 2 daughters, Sushma and Sowmya. His beloved mother, Sharadamma, still very active and a constantsource of energy to the family members.
Mumbai has many cultural centers, and Srikrishna takes part during his free time. Srikrishna was the invited speaker, at the 2017 Golden jubilee lecture at The Mysore association, Mumbai.