India Health Alert: Has 25% Of The World’s Tuberculosis Patients
Since India bears the highest burden of tuberculosis (TB) globally, regarding 25% of all cases. The new study from the Centre for disease Dynamics, economics and Policy (CDDEP) researchers have developed an approach to estimate the extent of TB in India using previous estimates from near countries and a current understanding of the TB transmission.
However, the results of their study are published within the International Journal of T.B. and lung disease.
“Results show differences in urban and rural TB. While an urban TB case infects a lot of people per year. A rural TB case remains infectious for appreciably longer, suggesting the requirement for interventions tailored to those different settings.
“Simple models of TB transmission, in conjunction with necessary data. It can offer approaches to burden estimation that complement those currently being used,” the study said.
However, an urban TB case can infect an average of 12 individuals per year and remains infectious for about one year. Whereas a rural case can infect an average of 4 individuals per year, but remains infectious for more than 2 years.
“We urgently want improved estimations of the burden of T.B.. To implement appropriate policies and interventions, it’s necessary to understand the present extent of the disease, as well as transmission dynamics,” said study co-author and CDDEP Director Ramanan Laxminarayan.
Although, the study has been released just before the world Tuberculosis Day on March 24.
Although, this is the second year of the two-year theme, ‘Unite to end TB,’ with a focus on addressing stigma, discrimination, marginalisation, and overcoming barriers to access care.
According to reports, the disease is estimated to kill 4,80,000 Indians every year. Though it’s now believed that these numbers are under-represented and the mortality could be 5,00,000 a year.